Hi, In this article we will discuss about the SPM Full Form in Medical in English. if you like the content share it on social media. Here is the complete list of full forms.

SPM Full Form in Medical-Sternal Puncture Method

The Sternal Puncture Method (SPM) is a medical procedure used in hematology for the extraction of bone marrow from the sternum (breastbone). Bone marrow is the soft, spongy tissue found in the cavities of certain bones, including the sternum, and it is crucial for the production of blood cells.

The Sternal Puncture Method involves the following steps:

  1. Patient Positioning: The patient is typically positioned in a lying down or seated position, depending on the physician’s preference and the specific circumstances.
  2. Skin Preparation: The skin over the sternum is cleaned and sterilized to reduce the risk of infection.
  3. Local Anesthesia: A local anesthetic is administered to numb the skin and underlying tissues at the puncture site. This helps minimize pain during the procedure.
  4. Puncture: Using a special needle, the healthcare provider punctures the skin and then carefully penetrates the outer layer of the sternum to reach the bone marrow cavity.
  5. Aspiration: A syringe is attached to the needle, and bone marrow is aspirated by pulling back on the syringe plunger. The aspirated material is a mix of blood and marrow.
  6. Closure: After obtaining an adequate sample, the needle is removed, and the puncture site may be covered with a sterile dressing.

The extracted bone marrow sample is then sent to the laboratory for analysis. Bone marrow examination is valuable for diagnosing various blood disorders, including leukemia, lymphoma, and certain types of anemia. It provides information about the cellular composition of the bone marrow, including the presence of abnormal cells.

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