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RA Full Form in Medical-Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease that primarily affects the joints. In autoimmune diseases, the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks its own tissues, in this case, the synovium, a membrane that lines the joints. This causes inflammation in the lining of joints, leading to pain, swelling, stiffness, and potential joint deformity over time.

Key aspects of Rheumatoid Arthritis include:

  1. Inflammation: The synovium becomes inflamed, causing pain and swelling in the affected joints.
  2. Symmetrical Joint Involvement: RA often affects joints on both sides of the body symmetrically, for instance, in both wrists, hands, knees, or ankles.
  3. Systemic Effects: In addition to joint symptoms, RA can also cause systemic effects, impacting other parts of the body. It can affect organs such as the heart, lungs, and eyes.
  4. Flares and Remissions: Symptoms of RA can vary over time. Patients may experience periods of increased disease activity, known as flares, and periods of reduced symptoms, known as remissions.

Diagnosis of RA involves a combination of factors, including medical history, physical examinations, blood tests (such as the presence of Rheumatoid Factor or anti-CCP antibodies), and imaging tests like X-rays or MRI scans.

Treatment of RA typically involves a multidisciplinary approach that may include medication (such as disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs or DMARDs, anti-inflammatory drugs, or biologics), physical therapy, lifestyle modifications, and in some cases, surgery to address joint damage.

It’s a chronic condition that requires ongoing management and treatment to help control symptoms, prevent joint damage, and improve the quality of life for individuals affected by the disease. Early diagnosis and intervention can help manage the symptoms and slow the progression of the disease.

Some other possible full forms for RA.

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