Hi, In this article we will discuss about the PEEP Full Form in Medical in English. if you like the content share it on social media. Here is the complete list of full forms.

PEEP Full Form in Medical-Positive End-Expiratory Pressure

Positive End-Expiratory Pressure (PEEP) is a mechanical ventilation technique used in respiratory therapy and critical care medicine. It involves the application of positive pressure to the airways at the end of the breathing cycle, specifically during expiration. The primary purpose of PEEP is to prevent the collapse of alveoli (small air sacs in the lungs) and to improve gas exchange.

Here’s a more detailed explanation:

  1. Normal Breathing Cycle: During normal breathing, when a person exhales, the pressure in the lungs becomes slightly positive compared to the outside air. This positive pressure helps keep the airways open and prevents the collapse of the alveoli.
  2. PEEP in Mechanical Ventilation: In a mechanically ventilated patient, positive pressure is applied during the inspiratory phase to help inflate the lungs. However, without PEEP, the positive pressure is lost at the end of expiration, and the alveoli can collapse.
  3. Preventing Alveolar Collapse: PEEP maintains a positive pressure in the airways and alveoli at the end of expiration. This prevents the alveoli from completely emptying and collapsing. By keeping the alveoli open, PEEP improves oxygenation and helps recruit more of the lung’s surface area for gas exchange.
  4. Clinical Applications: PEEP is commonly used in conditions where there is a risk of alveolar collapse, such as acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and other forms of severe respiratory failure. It can be adjusted based on the patient’s needs and response to ventilation.

It’s important to note that PEEP is just one aspect of mechanical ventilation, and its application should be tailored to each patient’s specific respiratory requirements under the supervision of healthcare professionals.

Some other possible full forms for PEEP.

  1. Personal Emergency Evacuation Plan
  2. Poly(ethylene) Ethylene Propylene
  3. Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis