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CAD Full Form in Medical-Coronary Artery Disease

Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is a common and serious heart condition caused by the buildup of plaque within the coronary arteries. These arteries are responsible for supplying oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle. When plaque, made up of cholesterol, fat, and other substances, accumulates in the arteries (a process called atherosclerosis), it can restrict or block the flow of blood to the heart.

This reduction in blood flow can lead to various cardiac complications, including:

  • Angina: Chest pain or discomfort caused by reduced blood flow to the heart muscle.
  • Heart Attack (Myocardial Infarction): Occurs when a coronary artery is severely or completely blocked, leading to the death of heart muscle due to lack of blood supply.
  • Heart Failure: Weakened heart muscles due to ongoing lack of proper blood flow and oxygen.
  • Arrhythmias: Irregular heartbeats due to inadequate blood supply and damage to the heart muscle.

Risk factors for coronary artery disease include high cholesterol, high blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, obesity, lack of physical activity, and a family history of heart disease.

Treatment and management of CAD typically involve lifestyle changes, medications to manage risk factors (such as high cholesterol or blood pressure), and in some cases, medical procedures like angioplasty, stent placement, or coronary artery bypass grafting to restore blood flow to the heart. Preventive measures and early intervention are crucial in managing and reducing the risks associated with coronary artery disease.

Some other possible full forms for CAD.

  1. Computer-Aided Design
  2. Canadian Dollar
  3. Collision Avoidance System
  4. Customer Acquisition Cost
  5. Coronary Artery Bypass Graf