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ARV Full Form in Medical-Antiretroviral

Antiretrovirals (ARVs) are a class of medications used in the treatment of viral infections, primarily human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). HIV is a retrovirus, and it attacks the immune system, leading to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) if left untreated. Antiretroviral drugs work by inhibiting the replication of the virus at different stages of its life cycle.

There are several classes of antiretroviral drugs, each targeting specific steps in the HIV replication process. The main classes include:

  1. Nucleoside/Nucleotide Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (NRTIs): These drugs interfere with the action of reverse transcriptase, an enzyme that the virus needs to replicate. Examples include zidovudine (AZT), lamivudine (3TC), and tenofovir.
  2. Non-Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (NNRTIs): NNRTIs also target reverse transcriptase but at a different binding site. Examples include efavirenz, nevirapine, and etravirine.
  3. Integrase Inhibitors: These drugs target the integrase enzyme, preventing the viral DNA from integrating into the host cell’s DNA. Examples include raltegravir, elvitegravir, and dolutegravir.
  4. Fusion Inhibitors: Fusion inhibitors block the virus from entering the host cell by inhibiting the fusion of the viral and cellular membranes. An example is enfuvirtide.
  5. CCR5 Antagonists: These drugs, such as maraviroc, block the CCR5 co-receptor on the surface of immune cells, preventing the virus from entering the cells.

ARV therapy typically involves a combination of drugs from different classes, known as combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) or highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). This approach helps reduce the viral load, maintain immune function, and slow the progression of HIV. It’s crucial for individuals with HIV to adhere to their prescribed medication regimens and to work closely with healthcare professionals for effective management of the infection.

Some other possible full forms for ARV.

  1. Authorized Return Value
  2. Actual Retail Value
  3. Associate in Reinsurance